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Algeria

Example content from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية  (Arabic)
"al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyya ash-Shaʿbiyya"
[note 1]
Flag Emblem
Motto:  بالشّعب وللشّعب   (Arabic)
"S weɣref i weɣref" (Berber)
"By the people and for the people"
[1][2]
Anthem: 
Kassaman instrumental.ogg

"Kassaman"
"We Pledge"
Capital
(and largest city)
Algiers
36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.7°N 3.217°E / 36.7; 3.217
Official language(s) Arabic[3]
National languages Berber
Demonym Algerian
Government Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
 -  Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
Independence from France 
 -  Recognized 3 July 1962 
 -  Declared 5 July 1962 
 -  Vandal Kingdom from 430 
 -  Rustamid dynasty from 767 
 -  Zirid dynasty from 973 
 -  Hammadid dynasty from 1014 
 -  Abdalwadid dynasty from 1235 
 -  Ottoman Empire  from 1516 
 -  French rule from 1830 
Area
 -  Total 2,381,741 km2 (10th)
919,595 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2012 estimate 37,100,000[4] 
 -  1998 census 29,100,867 
 -  Density 14.6/km2 (204th)
37.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $263.321 billion[5] (47th)
 -  Per capita $7,179[5] (100th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $192.384 billion[5] (49th)
 -  Per capita $5,245[5] (93rd)
Gini (1995) 35.3[6] (medium
HDI (2011) increase 0.698[7] (medium) (96th)
Currency Algerian dinar (DZD)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
Drives on the right[8]
ISO 3166 code DZ
Internet TLD .dz, الجزائر.
Calling code 213
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language.[9]
Tamazight is spoken by one third of the population and has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitutional amendment since 8 May 2002.[10] Algerian Arabic (or Darja) is the language used by the majority of the population. Although French has no official status, Algeria is the second Francophone country in the world in terms of speakers[11] and French is still widely used in the government, the culture, the media (newspapers) and the education system (since primary school), due to Algeria's colonial history and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Algeria. The Kabyle language, the most-spoken Berber language in the country, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylia.

Algeria Listeni/ælˈɪəriə/ (Arabic: الجزائر‎, al-Jazā'ir; Berber and Algerian Arabic: Dzayer or Ldzayer, French: Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (Al Jumhuriyah al Jazairiyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah), also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria,[12] is a large country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.

When referring to its land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab World, and also of the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea; it is also the tenth-largest country in the world.[13] The country is bordered in the northeast by Tunisia, in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea. Its size is almost 2,400,000 square kilometres (926,645 sq mi) with an estimated population of 37.1 million as of 2012.[4] Algeria is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC and the United Nations. The country is also a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union.













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