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Ghana

Example content from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Republic of Ghana
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Anthem: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana[1]
Location of Ghana within the African Union
Location of Ghana within the African Union
Capital
(and largest city)
Accra
5°33′N 0°15′W / 5.55°N 0.25°W / 5.55; -0.25
Official language(s) English
Government-sponsored
languages
Akan (specifically Ashanti Twi, Fanti, Akuapem Twi, Akyem, Kwahu, Wassa Nzema), Dagaare/Wale, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja and Kasem
Demonym Ghanaian
Government Constitutional presidential republic
 -  President John Atta Mills
 -  Vice-President John Dramani Mahama[2]
 -  Speaker of Parliament Joyce Bamford-Addo
 -  Chief Justice Georgina Theodora Wood
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Declared 6 March 1957 
 -  Republic 1 July 1960 
 -  Current Constitution 28 April 1992 
Area
 -  Total 238,535 km2 (81st)
92,098 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 3.5
Population
 -  2010 estimate 24,233,431[3] 
 -  Density 101.5/km2 (103rd)
258.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $81.179 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $3,256[4] 
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $45.124 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $1,810[4] 
HDI (2010) increase 0.541[5] (medium) (135th)
Currency Ghana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code GH
Internet TLD .gh
Calling code 233

Ghana[a] is a country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King"[6] and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.

Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Akyem, the Bonoman, the Denkyira, and the Fante among others. Non-Akan states created by the Ga and Ewe also existed as did states by the Gonja, Dagomba and others. Prior to contact with Europeans trade between the Akan and various African states flourished due to Akan's gold wealth. Trade with European states began after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874 over parts but not all of the country.[7]

The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957,[8] becoming the First sub-Saharan African nation to do so from European Colonialism.[9][10] The name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of west Africa. Ghana is a member of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and an associate member of La Francophonie. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers in the world,[11] and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.[12]







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