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Hungary

Example content from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hungary
Magyarország
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Himnusz
"Hymn"
Hu-magyarhimnusz.ogg

Location of  Hungary  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Hungary  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
Budapest
47°26′N 19°15′E / 47.433°N 19.25°E / 47.433; 19.25
Official language(s) Hungarian
Ethnic groups (2001) 92.3% Hungarians,
1.9% Roma,
5.8% others and unspecified[1][dead link]
Demonym Hungarian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Pál Schmitt (Fidesz)
 -  Prime Minister Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)
 -  Speaker of the National Assembly László Kövér (Fidesz)
Legislature Országgyűlés
Foundation
 -  Foundation of Hungary 895 
 -  Recognized as Christian kingdom 1000 
 -  Current 3rd republic 23 October 1989 
Area
 -  Total 93,030 km2 (109th)
35,919 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.74%
Population
 -  2011 estimate 10,014,324[2] (83rd)
 -  2011 census 9,982,000[3] 
 -  Density 107.2/km2 (94th)
279.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $196.196 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $19,647[4] 
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $147.874 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $14,808[4] 
Gini (2008) 24.96 (low) (3rd)
HDI (2011) increase 0.816[5] (very high) (38th)
Currency Forint (HUF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date formats yyyy.mm.dd,
yyyy.mm.dd (CE)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code HU
Internet TLD .hu1
Calling code 36
1 Also .eu as part of the European Union.

Hungary Listeni/ˈhʌŋɡəri/ (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] ( listen)) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.[6] It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, also known as Magyar, which is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe.[7]

Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (AD 9 - c. 430) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian ruler Árpád, whose great-grandson Saint Stephen I was crowned with a crown sent by the pope from Rome in 1000 AD. The Kingdom of Hungary lasted for 946 years,[note 1] and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centres of the Western world. After about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy (1867–1918).

A great power until the end of World War I, Hungary lost over 70 percent of its territory, along with one third of its ethnic population,[8] and all its sea ports under the Treaty of Trianon,[9] the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary.[10] The kingdom was succeeded by a Fascist regime, and then a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention during the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic, which was established in 1989. Today, Hungary is a high-income economy[11] and a regional leader in some respects.[12][13][14][15]

Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations of the world, attracting 8.6 million tourists a year (2007).[16][17] The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system[18] and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).












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