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Portugal

Example content from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Portuguese Republic
  • República Portuguesa (Portuguese)
  • República Pertuesa (Mirandese)
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese Anthem"
A Portuguesa.ogg

Location of  Portugal  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
Lisbon
38°46′N 9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.15°W / 38.767; -9.15
Official language(s) Portuguese
Recognised regional languages Mirandese1
Ethnic groups (2007) 96.87% Portuguese
3.13% other ethnicities
(Cape Verdeans, Brazilians, Goans, Angolans, Ukrainians, etc.)[1]
Demonym Portuguese
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
 -  President Aníbal Cavaco Silva (PSD)
 -  Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD)
 -  Assembly President Assunção Esteves (PSD)
Formation Conventional date for Independence is 1139 
 -  Founding 868 
 -  Re-founding 1095 
 -  De facto sovereignty 24 June 1128 
 -  Kingdom 25 July 1139 
 -  Recognized 5 October 1143 
 -  Papal Recognition 23 May 1179 
 -  Restoration of independence 1 December 1640 
 -  Restoration of independence recognized 13 February 1668 
 -  Republic 5 October 1910 
 -  Democracy 25 April 1974 
Area
 -  Total 92,090 km2 (110th)
35,645 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.5
Population
 -  2011 estimate 10,576,252[2] (77th)
 -  2011 census 10,561,614[3] 
 -  Density 115/km2 (96th)
298/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $247.310 billion[4] (49)
 -  Per capita $23,204[4] (42)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $229.336 billion[4] (38)
 -  Per capita $22,699[4] (34)
Gini (2009) 33.7[5] 
HDI (2011) increase 0.809[6] (very high) (41st)
Currency Euro ()2 (EUR)
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Note that the Azores are in a different timezone
Date formats dd-mm-yyyy, yyyy-mm-dd, yyyy/mm/dd
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code PT
Internet TLD .pt
Calling code 351
1 Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), since then awarding an official right-of-use Mirandese to the linguistic minority it is concerned.[7] The Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
2 Before 1999: Portuguese escudo.

Portugal Listeni/ˈpɔrʉɡəl/ (Portuguese: Portugal, IPA: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of Portugal. The country is named after its second largest city, Porto, whose Latin name was Portus Cale.[8]

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times: occupied by Celts like the Gallaeci and the Lusitanians, integrated into the Roman Republic and later settled by Germanic peoples such as the Suebi, Swabians, Vandals and the Visigoths. In the 8th century most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Moorish invaders professing Islam, which were later expelled by the Knights Templar under the Order of Christ. During the Christian Reconquista, Portugal established itself as an independent kingdom from León in 1139, claiming to be the oldest European nation-state.[9]

In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western influence and established a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America, becoming the world's major economic, political and military global power. The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history,[10] and also the longest lived of the European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415, to the handover of Macau to China in 1999. However, the country's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the independence of Brazil, its largest colony.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established being then superseded by the "Estado Novo" authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974, after which Portugal's last overseas provinces became independent (most prominently Angola and Mozambique); the last overseas territory, Macau, was ceded to China in 1999.

Portugal is a developed country with a very high Human Development Index, the world's 19th-highest quality-of-life, and a strong healthcare system. Portugal is one of the world's most globalized and peaceful nations: [11] a member of the European Union and the United Nations, and a founding member of the Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, OECD, NATO, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Eurozone and the Schengen Agreement.












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